warm blood extracted from the neck of a live
cow and mixed with milk as an iron rich food.
'lost world' of Ngorongoro was home to pigs
the size of a hippopotamus, sheep-like beasts
with 6-foot (3 metre) horns and three-toed horses.
Nowadays is inhabited by about 30,000 animals,
of which half are zebra and wildebeest. This
is the perfect situation for predators and spotted
hyenas and lions lord over this domain. There
are also some leopards, cheetahs and three species
of jackals. Tanzania's few remaining black rhino
are regularly sighted in the crater, as are
large herds of buffalo.
In the lake on
the crater floor and in the Ngoitokitok swamps,
reside plenty of hippos who remain partially
submerged during the day and graze on grass
Although the area
sustains a huge variety of species, not all
live down in the crater. Some are better adapted
to roaming the extensive conservation area surrounding
are noticeably absent from the crater floor
because the cows and calves tend to prefer the
forested highlands. They sometimes appear at
the crater rim but only rarely venture down
into the grasslands. Only mature bull elephants
roam the crater floor carrying around some massive
tusks. Also absent from the crater are impala,
topi and oryx who reside more on the eastern
Serengeti plains, but Grant's and Thompson's
gazelles appear in the crater in good numbers.
Giraffes are also missing from the crater as
they favour the umbrella acacia and wait-a-bit
thorn trees found higher up.
shores of Lake Magadi are turned a pastel pink
from thousands of flamingoes sifting algae and
shrimps from this soda lake. The lake also attracts
a myriad other water birds including avocets,
plovers and black-winged stilts whose long beaks
probe the soft mud.
the rim of the crater is 333 feet (2,235m) above
sea level it is cooler at the top than down
on the crater floor, where it can get extremely
Rainy Season: Short rains are
November and December when it gets hot and humid,
and the long rains are from March to May.
Dry Season: typically it is
dry from June to October and it can get quite
cold during these months on the rim of the crater.
• Plains teeming with grazing animals
• Dark maned lions
• Clans of spotted hyena
• Black rhino
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area varies in altitude
from 3,315-11,628 feet (1,020-3,578m) above
This is a malarial area