With little awareness of what lies ahead, the steadily flowing Zambezi River casually approaches Victoria Falls, then topples out of control over a sheer 330-foot (100 metre) drop. This mile-wide (1,609 metre) curtain of water really is as spectacular as its reputation and can be viewed from various angles at numerous viewpoints. It is the widest curtain of falling water in the world, and during the warm wet months of February to April, it cascades at over thirty times its dry season flow. The resulting spray can be seen from 20 miles (32kms) away and explains the local African name for the falls - Mosi-oa-tunya ‘Smoke that Thunders’
The fertile slopes of the central Highlands were recognised by European settlers as being great farming country for tea, coffee, wheat and flowers. Many came and took the land with the colonial government's blessing. There was little regard for tribal land or local customs and this created great resentment, which erupted into the bloody Mau Mau Rebellion of the 1950's.